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Conference of the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. Copenhagen, 7-18 December 2009

Climate change has entered the international arena with a major impact on the mass media. In specific terms, policies on climate change, and the reduction and/or neutralisation of greenhouse gas emissions in particular, have been at the centre of the international agenda since the preparation of the Rio de Janeiro conference (1992) and the signing of the Framework Convention on Climate Change, and have therefore been the focus of national and state policies. These commitments were subsequently clarified by the Kyoto Protocol. Indeed, the central item on the Copenhagen conference agenda is the replacement of the Protocol with a new commitment to corrective policies from 2012 onwards.

These policies are subject to agreements, objectives and schedules that are established internationally but must be complied with and implemented at a national level, with the obvious risk of failure to comply, or a breach of one or several phases of the implementation process.

The Convention and the Protocol divide the world into two groups: the developed countries and southern or developing countries. The countries in Annex I will be encouraged to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions from year 2000 to 1990 levels. Under the terms of the Convention, the developed countries will provide economic assistance to the southern countries. It is to be anticipated that these countries will co-operate in the arenas of science and technology transfer, so that countries in the south can adopt technologies that do not harm the climate, while they adapt to the possible impact of climate change.

The ICIP will soon look at the subject in detail in several publications.

United Nations Climate Change Conference website
Internacional Institute for Sustainable Development website