Recommendations

The culture of peace and public education: a comparative study of various textbooks in third year secondary education in Catalonia

The culture of peace and public education: a comparative study of various textbooks in third year secondary education in Catalonia. Barcelona: Catalan Federation of NGOs for Peace, 2009

This publication by the Catalan Federation of NGOs for Peace welcomes the inclusion of Education for Citizenship in the school curriculum, providing that this subject does not become a mere statement of good intentions, but is instead taught with consistency in its content, methodology, attitudes and also educational times and structures. In other words, it should increase critical awareness and enable learning of how to think and act in other ways.

The study, written by members of peace NGOs, analyses six textbooks in third year secondary education textbooks, using ten indicators relating to the concept and practice of peace, the idea of violence and the view of conflict. The book's conclusions suggest that the materials analysed can be improved from the perspective of positive peace, that there is no common conceptual framework, the gender perspective is absent and the methodologies used are mostly intellectual or cognitive. The authors recommend reinforcement of a methodology that is socioaffective, participative and co-operative, and work based on local conditions in order to subsequently increase the levels of intervention.

As well as the results of the analysis of the texts, the study provides a conceptual framework for each of the ten indicators that provide a means of covering the subject based on a culture of peace. The guide is therefore a tool for reflection and work by teachers teaching Education for Citizenship; a subject that must include all the content and proposals of Education for Peace.