International News

The number of ratifications necessary for the entry into force of the International Convention for the Prohibition of Cluster Bombs is reached

On 16 February 2010, Burkina Faso and Moldavia ratified the International Convention for the Prohibition of Cluster Bombs, which now has the 30 ratifications necessary for it to come into force. The treaty will become a binding international law on 1 August 2010.

The first meeting of member States will take place in November 2010 in Laos, the country that is most heavily contaminated by cluster bombs, as a result of bombardments by the USA over 30 years ago.

The 30 countries who have ratified it are: Albania, Germany, Austria, Belgium, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Croatia, Denmark, Slovenia, Spain, France, Ireland, Japan, Laos, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malawi, Malta, Mexico, Moldavia, Montenegro, Nicaragua, Niger, New Zealand, Norway, San Marino, the Vatican City, Sierra Leone, Zambia and Uruguay.

A total of 104 countries have signed the convention since it was opened for signing in Oslo in December 2008. The text prohibits the use, production, storage and transfer of cluster bombs. It also provides for the clearing of areas contaminated by unexploded bombs and the provision of care for the victims of these weapons.

Spain was the first signatory country to complete the destruction of its stocks. 12 other countries are in the process of doing so. Albania was the first signatory country which completed the clearing of areas contaminated by these bombs in its territory.

The Cluster Munition Coalition, of which the Fundació per la Pau, Greenpeace Spain, Justícia i Pau and Moviment per la Pau are members, has asked states which have not done so to sign, ratify and begin to implement the treaty. It has specifically asked the states which have ratified the anti-mines treaty and the convention on disabled people's rights, as the three treaties are based on the same humanitarian and human rights principles in terms of supporting the affected communities and dignified lives for the survivors and victims of armed violence.

Cluster Munition Coalition Website