United States Peace Index

The United States Peace Index (USPI), created by the Institute for Economics and Peace is an innovative tool that shows the level of peace in each of the 50 states of the USA, based on five key indicators: the number of homicides, the number of violent crimes, the number of police officers, the number of convicts, and the ease access to small arms and light weapons.

Although by definition these indicators provide a negative description of peace, i.e. one that is understood to mean the absence of violence, the index goes further, correlating the reduction in violence with other socio-economic variables, grouped in the following areas: education, health, the economy, politics and demography. It shows how the most favourable environments for peace are those where people have easier access to education, health services, and have more economic opportunities.

Moreover, despite the limitations regarding the data that measure the impact of peace on the economy, the USIP shows the positive impact it would have on the U.S. economy, if it achieves the same levels of peace as Canada.