Peace in Progress Nº 37

Bibliography on Mexico

The ICIP Library has several titles that address the multiple forms violence that are experienced in Mexico and the challenges of security, human rights and peacebuilding.

In this link you will find a selection of books on this subject, all of them available on loan.

The library, located at Carrer Tapineria 10, 1st floor, in Barcelona, is a center specialized in issues of peace culture, security and conflicts. The library’s collection covers the following thematic areas: peace and nonviolence, armed conflicts, transformation and conflict resolution, international law, political science, international relations, security, disarmament, terrorism, development cooperation, social movements and environmental policies.

Recent publications on peace, human rights and security in Mexico

In this link we offer you a selection of the main reports that deal with the situation in Mexico from a perspective of peace, security and human rights, published between 2018 and 2019.

The selection includes publications from international organizations such as the Institute for Economics and Peace, International Crisis Group, Peace Brigades International, WOLA, Amnesty International, ONU-DH Mexico, or the Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos; as well as from Mexican entities and institutions such as CASEDE, the Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos, the Comisión de Derechos Humanos del Distrito Federal or the Red por los Derechos de la Infancia en México.

The situation of violence related to drugs in Mexico from 2006 to 2017, ITESO Jesuit University of Guadalajara (2018)

The enormous dimensions of the violence that is experienced in Mexico and the characteristics of the armed groups involved have led different analysts to consider whether the situation Mexico faces could be described as "internal armed conflict." It is undoubtedly a necessary reflection, not only because of the academic and legal challenges it entails but also because its findings should determine the humanitarian response to this situation, clarify which rules govern the behavior of the different armed actors, minimize the suffering of people and debug responsibilities.

For now, the debate over whether the crisis in security and human rights could be described or not as armed conflict has generated relatively few studies. This analysis, developed by the International Humanitarian Law Clinic of the Leiden University at the request of the Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos (CMDPDH) and published by the Western Institute of Technology and Higher Education of the Jesuit University of Guadalajara, tries to reverse this trend.

Based on the application of international humanitarian law and available empirical evidence, this study concludes that in Mexico there is an internal war in the legal sense of the term. According to the researchers, violence in the country has reached levels of sufficient intensity while criminal groups have shown the level of organization necessary to describe the situation in Mexico as a non-international armed conflict.

Drugs: Policies and violence (Drogas: Políticas y violencias)

This transmedia platform created by Casa Amèrica Catalunya aims to contribute to the reflection on the processes of regularization and control over the production, traffic and consumption of narcotic drugs in Latin America. It provides insight, from different points of view, on a complex issue with a multiplicity of ties and nuances, that is particular relevant in Mexico.

It is a proposal that seeks to "revise and rebuild traditional narratives and aims to generate other approaches that pay special attention to the regularization of agents that are not part of criminal structures, the production of plants, the therapeutic uses of drugs, the legislative processes and present the main actors of processes of transformation that are being developed in different countries of the region".

The platform has testimonies, texts, photographs and illustrations of people of recognized prestige in the academic, journalistic, political or cultural fields such as Ricardo Lagos, Araceli Manjón-Cabeza Olmeda, Ernesto Samper, Ana Lilia Pérez, Rodrigo Uprimny, Hector Abad Faciolince, Laura Retrepo or Marcela Turatti.

The project gives continuity to the international seminar “Drugs, policies and violence. From the global consensus to new approaches” that Casa Amèrica Catalunya and ICIP jointly organized on October 23 and 24, 2018, in Barcelona.

All of me, by Arturo González Villaseñor (2014)

The documentary All of me (Llévate mis amores) brings us closer to the solidarity of a group of women with the thousands of migrants who cross Mexico every year in search of a better future in the United States.

The prolonged political, economic, social, environmental and security crises in Central America have pushed thousands of people every year to cross Mexico with hopes of reaching the US border. Many of them choose to cross the country through the railway lines, illegally climbing to trains that bring them, little by little, closer to their destination. But on this trip they run the risk of being injured by the trains, when they fall or when they try to climb to them, while at the same time they are vulnerable to mafias and corrupt policeman who take advantage of their precarious situation.

From the town of La Patrona, in Veracruz, they have been watching trains filled with migrants for years. Moved by empathy and without asking permission from institutions or governments, a group of 14 women organized themselves to support them by sharing their scarce resources. Since 1995, Las Patronas cook and prepare food that they throw to the migrants to support them in their dangerous journey when they see a train passing at high speed. "I had found my service, so we began our work along the railway tracks. Not at church, on the tracks. It’s what we do”.

The documentary and the work of Las Patronas show how popular initiatives respond, with the scarce resources available to them and in a self-managed way, to humanitarian crises that governments do not know or do not intent to address.

© Generalitat de Catalunya

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